Land-sharing/-sparing connectivity landscapes for ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


  • Ingo Grass
  • Jacqueline Loos
  • Svenja Baensch
  • Péter Batáry
  • Felipe Librán-Embid
  • Anoush Ficiciyan
  • Felix Klaus
  • Maraja Riechers
  • Julia Rosa
  • Julia Tiede
  • Kristy Udy
  • Catrin Westphal
  • Annemarie Wurz
  • Teja Tscharntke

The land-sharing versus land-sparing debate recently stagnated, lacking an integrating perspective in agricultural landscapes as well as consideration of ecosystem services. Here, we argue that land-sharing (i.e. wildlife-friendly farming systems) and land-sparing (i.e. separation of high-yielding agriculture and natural habitats) are not mutually exclusive, as both are needed to balance management needs for the multifunctionality of agricultural landscapes. Land-sharing promotes ecosystem services in agricultural settings, thereby allowing for environmentally friendly production. Land set aside in protected areas by land-sparing is crucial for conservation of those species that are incompatible with agriculture. Importantly, as species move throughout the landscape and exploit different habitats, increased connectivity between environmentally friendly managed and protected areas is needed to (a) promote spillover of ecosystem service providers from land-sharing/-sparing measures to agricultural production and rescue service-providing species from extinction in hostile areas, (b) to facilitate immigration and counteract possible extinctions in spared habitats and (c) to conserve response diversity of species communities for ensuring resilience of ecosystem services in changing environments. In conclusion, the successful management of multifunctional landscapes requires the combination of context-specific land-sharing and land-sparing measures within spatially well-connected landscape mosaics, resulting in land-sharing/-sparing connectivity landscapes. A plain language summary is available for this article.

ZeitschriftPeople and Nature
Seiten (von - bis)262-272
Anzahl der Seiten11
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.06.2019

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
FMLE, FK and KU acknowledge the funding by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) within the frame of the Research Training Group 1644 ‘Scaling Problems in Statistics' (DFG‐RTG 1644, project number 152112243) and PB within the frame of DFG BA4438/2‐1. SB acknowledges the funding by the Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt DBU (German Federal Environmental Foundation) through a PhD Scholarship. AF acknowledges the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in the field of Research for Sustainable Development (grant number 01UU1602B). CW is grateful for the funding by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) (project number 405945293). Stimulating discussions within the collaborative research projects ‘Diversity Turn in Land Use Science' (Volkswagenstiftung‐MWK Niedersachsen) and ‘EFForTS' (DFG‐CRC 990, project number 192626868) are acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Authors. People and Nature published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Ecological Society


  • Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaft - agriculture, landscape design, landscape managment, Land-sharing, land-sparing, multifunctionality, sustainability