Woody plant phylogenetic diversity mediates bottom-up control of arthropod biomass in species-rich forests

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Woody plant phylogenetic diversity mediates bottom-up control of arthropod biomass in species-rich forests. / Schuldt, Andreas; Baruffol, Martin; Bruelheide, Helge; Chen, Simon; Chi, Xiulian; Wall, Marcus; Aßmann, Thorsten.

In: Oecologia, Vol. 176, No. 1, 09.2014, p. 171-182.

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

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@article{eed8d758f180413fb6e43b002749f493,
title = "Woody plant phylogenetic diversity mediates bottom-up control of arthropod biomass in species-rich forests",
abstract = "Global change is predicted to cause non-random species loss in plant communities, with consequences for ecosystem functioning. However, beyond the simple effects of plant species richness, little is known about how plant diversity and its loss influence higher trophic levels, which are crucial to the functioning of many species-rich ecosystems. We analyzed to what extent woody plant phylogenetic diversity and species richness contribute to explaining the biomass and abundance of herbivorous and predatory arthropods in a species-rich forest in subtropical China. The biomass and abundance of leaf-chewing herbivores, and the biomass dispersion of herbivores within plots, increased with woody plant phylogenetic diversity. Woody plant species richness had much weaker effects on arthropods, but interacted with plant phylogenetic diversity to negatively affect the ratio of predator to herbivore biomass. Overall, our results point to a strong bottom-up control of functionally important herbivores mediated particularly by plant phylogenetic diversity, but do not support the general expectation that top-down predator effects increase with plant diversity. The observed effects appear to be driven primarily by increasing resource diversity rather than diversity-dependent primary productivity, as the latter did not affect arthropods. The strong effects of plant phylogenetic diversity and the overall weaker effects of plant species richness show that the diversity-dependence of ecosystem processes and interactions across trophic levels can depend fundamentally on non-random species associations. This has important implications for the regulation of ecosystem functions via trophic interaction pathways and for the way species loss may impact these pathways in species-rich forests.",
keywords = "Ecosystems Research, Biodiversity, Ecosystem function, Herbivores, Predators, Species richness, Trophic interactions, biomass, ecosystem function, forest ecosystem, genetic variation, woody plant",
author = "Andreas Schuldt and Martin Baruffol and Helge Bruelheide and Simon Chen and Xiulian Chi and Marcus Wall and Thorsten A{\ss}mann",
year = "2014",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1007/s00442-014-3006-7",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "171--182",
journal = "Oecologia",
issn = "0029-8519",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Woody plant phylogenetic diversity mediates bottom-up control of arthropod biomass in species-rich forests

AU - Schuldt, Andreas

AU - Baruffol, Martin

AU - Bruelheide, Helge

AU - Chen, Simon

AU - Chi, Xiulian

AU - Wall, Marcus

AU - Aßmann, Thorsten

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Global change is predicted to cause non-random species loss in plant communities, with consequences for ecosystem functioning. However, beyond the simple effects of plant species richness, little is known about how plant diversity and its loss influence higher trophic levels, which are crucial to the functioning of many species-rich ecosystems. We analyzed to what extent woody plant phylogenetic diversity and species richness contribute to explaining the biomass and abundance of herbivorous and predatory arthropods in a species-rich forest in subtropical China. The biomass and abundance of leaf-chewing herbivores, and the biomass dispersion of herbivores within plots, increased with woody plant phylogenetic diversity. Woody plant species richness had much weaker effects on arthropods, but interacted with plant phylogenetic diversity to negatively affect the ratio of predator to herbivore biomass. Overall, our results point to a strong bottom-up control of functionally important herbivores mediated particularly by plant phylogenetic diversity, but do not support the general expectation that top-down predator effects increase with plant diversity. The observed effects appear to be driven primarily by increasing resource diversity rather than diversity-dependent primary productivity, as the latter did not affect arthropods. The strong effects of plant phylogenetic diversity and the overall weaker effects of plant species richness show that the diversity-dependence of ecosystem processes and interactions across trophic levels can depend fundamentally on non-random species associations. This has important implications for the regulation of ecosystem functions via trophic interaction pathways and for the way species loss may impact these pathways in species-rich forests.

AB - Global change is predicted to cause non-random species loss in plant communities, with consequences for ecosystem functioning. However, beyond the simple effects of plant species richness, little is known about how plant diversity and its loss influence higher trophic levels, which are crucial to the functioning of many species-rich ecosystems. We analyzed to what extent woody plant phylogenetic diversity and species richness contribute to explaining the biomass and abundance of herbivorous and predatory arthropods in a species-rich forest in subtropical China. The biomass and abundance of leaf-chewing herbivores, and the biomass dispersion of herbivores within plots, increased with woody plant phylogenetic diversity. Woody plant species richness had much weaker effects on arthropods, but interacted with plant phylogenetic diversity to negatively affect the ratio of predator to herbivore biomass. Overall, our results point to a strong bottom-up control of functionally important herbivores mediated particularly by plant phylogenetic diversity, but do not support the general expectation that top-down predator effects increase with plant diversity. The observed effects appear to be driven primarily by increasing resource diversity rather than diversity-dependent primary productivity, as the latter did not affect arthropods. The strong effects of plant phylogenetic diversity and the overall weaker effects of plant species richness show that the diversity-dependence of ecosystem processes and interactions across trophic levels can depend fundamentally on non-random species associations. This has important implications for the regulation of ecosystem functions via trophic interaction pathways and for the way species loss may impact these pathways in species-rich forests.

KW - Ecosystems Research

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Ecosystem function

KW - Herbivores

KW - Predators

KW - Species richness

KW - Trophic interactions

KW - biomass

KW - ecosystem function

KW - forest ecosystem

KW - genetic variation

KW - woody plant

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906242248&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00442-014-3006-7

DO - 10.1007/s00442-014-3006-7

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 25004869

VL - 176

SP - 171

EP - 182

JO - Oecologia

JF - Oecologia

SN - 0029-8519

IS - 1

ER -