Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment

Research output: Contributions to collected editions/worksChapterpeer-review

Standard

Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment. / Kümmerer, Klaus.

Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry: Methods, Tools and Strategies for the 21st Century Pharmaceutical Industry. ed. / Louise Summerton; Helen F. Sneddon; Leonie C. Jones; James H. Clark. Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016. p. 63-72 (RSC Green Chemistry; Vol. 2016-January, No. 46).

Research output: Contributions to collected editions/worksChapterpeer-review

Harvard

Kümmerer, K 2016, Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment. in L Summerton, HF Sneddon, LC Jones & JH Clark (eds), Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry: Methods, Tools and Strategies for the 21st Century Pharmaceutical Industry. RSC Green Chemistry, no. 46, vol. 2016-January, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, pp. 63-72 . https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782625940-00063

APA

Kümmerer, K. (2016). Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment. In L. Summerton, H. F. Sneddon, L. C. Jones, & J. H. Clark (Eds.), Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry: Methods, Tools and Strategies for the 21st Century Pharmaceutical Industry (pp. 63-72 ). (RSC Green Chemistry; Vol. 2016-January, No. 46). Royal Society of Chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1039/9781782625940-00063

Vancouver

Kümmerer K. Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment. In Summerton L, Sneddon HF, Jones LC, Clark JH, editors, Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry: Methods, Tools and Strategies for the 21st Century Pharmaceutical Industry. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry. 2016. p. 63-72 . (RSC Green Chemistry; 46). doi: 10.1039/9781782625940-00063

Bibtex

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title = "Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment",
abstract = "The history of the pharmaceutical sciences is a story of never ending creation of new molecules and searching for new mechanisms for the treatment of illness. The production and manufacturing of pharmaceuticals was associated for a long time with heavy pollution of the environment, as it was with the production of chemicals. Nowadays, at least in developed countries that is generally not the case anymore. However, pharmaceuticals, their metabolites and products of incomplete degradation are present in the environment because of their use, not because of improper treatment of waste and effluents from production. The presence of these compounds in the environment contributes to environmental pollution. Fate and effects are not yet fully understood.",
keywords = "Chemistry, green chemistry",
author = "Klaus K{\"u}mmerer",
year = "2016",
month = mar,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1039/9781782625940-00063",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-78262-467-7",
series = "RSC Green Chemistry",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "46",
pages = "63--72 ",
editor = "Louise Summerton and Sneddon, {Helen F.} and Jones, {Leonie C.} and Clark, {James H.}",
booktitle = "Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Presence, fate and risks of pharmaceuticals in the environment

AU - Kümmerer, Klaus

PY - 2016/3/14

Y1 - 2016/3/14

N2 - The history of the pharmaceutical sciences is a story of never ending creation of new molecules and searching for new mechanisms for the treatment of illness. The production and manufacturing of pharmaceuticals was associated for a long time with heavy pollution of the environment, as it was with the production of chemicals. Nowadays, at least in developed countries that is generally not the case anymore. However, pharmaceuticals, their metabolites and products of incomplete degradation are present in the environment because of their use, not because of improper treatment of waste and effluents from production. The presence of these compounds in the environment contributes to environmental pollution. Fate and effects are not yet fully understood.

AB - The history of the pharmaceutical sciences is a story of never ending creation of new molecules and searching for new mechanisms for the treatment of illness. The production and manufacturing of pharmaceuticals was associated for a long time with heavy pollution of the environment, as it was with the production of chemicals. Nowadays, at least in developed countries that is generally not the case anymore. However, pharmaceuticals, their metabolites and products of incomplete degradation are present in the environment because of their use, not because of improper treatment of waste and effluents from production. The presence of these compounds in the environment contributes to environmental pollution. Fate and effects are not yet fully understood.

KW - Chemistry

KW - green chemistry

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U2 - 10.1039/9781782625940-00063

DO - 10.1039/9781782625940-00063

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T3 - RSC Green Chemistry

SP - 63

EP - 72

BT - Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry

A2 - Summerton, Louise

A2 - Sneddon, Helen F.

A2 - Jones, Leonie C.

A2 - Clark, James H.

PB - Royal Society of Chemistry

CY - Cambridge

ER -