Linking Tourism and Conservation on Privately Owned Natural Areas: A Systematic Review of English-Language Literature

Research output: Journal contributionsScientific review articlesResearch


Private engagement has always been central to biodiversity conservation. Recently, the role of private enterprises in (eco)tourism have increased, and private lands play a pivotal role in expanding protected areas within societies throughout the world. This paper contributes to discussions of private engagement in conservation and its relation to tourism (recreation generally), with novel insight on how the conservation-tourism nexus on private land is approached in different geographical contexts. We present a systematic literature review that results in five thematic clusters characterized by different conservation approaches to tourism in Global North and South. Research concerning Global South tends to emphasize (eco)tourism as a main inducement for conservation, while research concerning Global North emphasizes expansion of private protected areas where access for tourist-recreational use has to be compensated. We propose a future research agenda to exploring environmentally and socially just approaches to conservation and recreation in both Global North and South.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSociety and Natural Resources
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)306-325
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 01.03.2023

Bibliographical note

This publication is part of the research project “Overtourism in Spanish Coastal Destinations. Tourism Degrowth Strategies,” grant number RTI2018-094844-B-C31 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and by “ERDF A way of making Europe.”

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

    Research areas

  • conservation, ecotourism, outdoor recreation, private protected areas, systematic literature review
  • Sustainability Governance