Ecological quality as a coffee quality enhancer. A review

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Ecological quality as a coffee quality enhancer. A review. / Torrez, Vania; Benavides-Frias, Camila; Jacobi, Johanna et al.

In: Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 43, No. 1, 19, 01.02.2023.

Research output: Journal contributionsScientific review articlesResearch

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Torrez V, Benavides-Frias C, Jacobi J, Speranza CI. Ecological quality as a coffee quality enhancer. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 2023 Feb 1;43(1):19. doi: 10.1007/s13593-023-00874-z

Bibtex

@article{b1301607ea9f4900a7cc509fbe139386,
title = "Ecological quality as a coffee quality enhancer. A review",
abstract = "As both coffee quality and sustainability become increasingly important, there is growing interest in understanding how ecological quality affects coffee quality. Here we analyze, for the first time, the state of evidence that ecological quality, in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem functions, impacts the quality of Coffea arabica and C. canephora, based on 78 studies. The following ecosystem functions were included: pollination; weed, disease, and pest control; water and soil fertility regulation. Biodiversity was described by the presence, percentage, and diversity of shade trees. Coffee quality was described by the green bean physical characteristics, biochemical compounds, and organoleptic characteristics. The presence and diversity of shade trees positively impacted bean size and weight and reduced the percentage of rejected beans, but these observations were not consistent over different altitudes. In fact, little is known about the diversity of shade trees and their influence on biochemical compounds. All biochemical compounds varied with the presence of shade, percentage of shade, and elevation. Coffee beans from more diverse tree shade plantations obtained higher scores for final total organoleptic quality than simplified tree shade and unshaded plantations. Decreasing ecological quality diminished ecosystem functions such as pollination, which in turn negatively affected bean quality. Shade affected pests and diseases in different ways, but weeds were reduced. High soil quality positively affected coffee quality. Shade improved the water use efficiency, such that coffee plants were not water stressed and coffee quality was improved. While knowledge on the influence of shade trees on overall coffee quality remains scarce, there is evidence that agroecosystem simplification is negatively correlated with coffee quality. Given global concerns about biodiversity and habitat loss, we recommend that the overall definition of coffee quality include measures of ecological quality, although these aspects are not always detectable in certain coffee quality characteristics or the final cup.",
keywords = "Agroforestry, Biochemical compounds, Biodiversity, Coffea, Ecosystem functions, Final cup, Organoleptic characteristics, Physical characteristics, Shade tree diversity, Biology, Ecosystems Research",
author = "Vania Torrez and Camila Benavides-Frias and Johanna Jacobi and Speranza, {Chinwe Ifejika}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2023, INRAE and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature. This review was conducted in the frame of the research pro‑ ject “Exploring the interlinkages between specialty coffee farms{\textquoteright} bio‑ diversity and farmers practices in Bolivia,” Seed Money Grant 1912, with the financial support of the Leading House for the Latin American Region, Latin‑American‑Swiss Center (CLS‑HSG), University of St. Gallen, and the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innova‑ tion (SERI), Switzerland",
year = "2023",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13593-023-00874-z",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
journal = "Agronomy for Sustainable Development",
issn = "1774-0746",
publisher = "{\textquoteright}Institut National de Recherche en Agriculture, Alimentation et Environnement (INRAE)",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecological quality as a coffee quality enhancer. A review

AU - Torrez, Vania

AU - Benavides-Frias, Camila

AU - Jacobi, Johanna

AU - Speranza, Chinwe Ifejika

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2023, INRAE and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature. This review was conducted in the frame of the research pro‑ ject “Exploring the interlinkages between specialty coffee farms’ bio‑ diversity and farmers practices in Bolivia,” Seed Money Grant 1912, with the financial support of the Leading House for the Latin American Region, Latin‑American‑Swiss Center (CLS‑HSG), University of St. Gallen, and the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innova‑ tion (SERI), Switzerland

PY - 2023/2/1

Y1 - 2023/2/1

N2 - As both coffee quality and sustainability become increasingly important, there is growing interest in understanding how ecological quality affects coffee quality. Here we analyze, for the first time, the state of evidence that ecological quality, in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem functions, impacts the quality of Coffea arabica and C. canephora, based on 78 studies. The following ecosystem functions were included: pollination; weed, disease, and pest control; water and soil fertility regulation. Biodiversity was described by the presence, percentage, and diversity of shade trees. Coffee quality was described by the green bean physical characteristics, biochemical compounds, and organoleptic characteristics. The presence and diversity of shade trees positively impacted bean size and weight and reduced the percentage of rejected beans, but these observations were not consistent over different altitudes. In fact, little is known about the diversity of shade trees and their influence on biochemical compounds. All biochemical compounds varied with the presence of shade, percentage of shade, and elevation. Coffee beans from more diverse tree shade plantations obtained higher scores for final total organoleptic quality than simplified tree shade and unshaded plantations. Decreasing ecological quality diminished ecosystem functions such as pollination, which in turn negatively affected bean quality. Shade affected pests and diseases in different ways, but weeds were reduced. High soil quality positively affected coffee quality. Shade improved the water use efficiency, such that coffee plants were not water stressed and coffee quality was improved. While knowledge on the influence of shade trees on overall coffee quality remains scarce, there is evidence that agroecosystem simplification is negatively correlated with coffee quality. Given global concerns about biodiversity and habitat loss, we recommend that the overall definition of coffee quality include measures of ecological quality, although these aspects are not always detectable in certain coffee quality characteristics or the final cup.

AB - As both coffee quality and sustainability become increasingly important, there is growing interest in understanding how ecological quality affects coffee quality. Here we analyze, for the first time, the state of evidence that ecological quality, in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem functions, impacts the quality of Coffea arabica and C. canephora, based on 78 studies. The following ecosystem functions were included: pollination; weed, disease, and pest control; water and soil fertility regulation. Biodiversity was described by the presence, percentage, and diversity of shade trees. Coffee quality was described by the green bean physical characteristics, biochemical compounds, and organoleptic characteristics. The presence and diversity of shade trees positively impacted bean size and weight and reduced the percentage of rejected beans, but these observations were not consistent over different altitudes. In fact, little is known about the diversity of shade trees and their influence on biochemical compounds. All biochemical compounds varied with the presence of shade, percentage of shade, and elevation. Coffee beans from more diverse tree shade plantations obtained higher scores for final total organoleptic quality than simplified tree shade and unshaded plantations. Decreasing ecological quality diminished ecosystem functions such as pollination, which in turn negatively affected bean quality. Shade affected pests and diseases in different ways, but weeds were reduced. High soil quality positively affected coffee quality. Shade improved the water use efficiency, such that coffee plants were not water stressed and coffee quality was improved. While knowledge on the influence of shade trees on overall coffee quality remains scarce, there is evidence that agroecosystem simplification is negatively correlated with coffee quality. Given global concerns about biodiversity and habitat loss, we recommend that the overall definition of coffee quality include measures of ecological quality, although these aspects are not always detectable in certain coffee quality characteristics or the final cup.

KW - Agroforestry

KW - Biochemical compounds

KW - Biodiversity

KW - Coffea

KW - Ecosystem functions

KW - Final cup

KW - Organoleptic characteristics

KW - Physical characteristics

KW - Shade tree diversity

KW - Biology

KW - Ecosystems Research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85147359336&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/542e5291-4f46-3daa-8e15-871a68626fd9/

U2 - 10.1007/s13593-023-00874-z

DO - 10.1007/s13593-023-00874-z

M3 - Scientific review articles

C2 - 36748099

AN - SCOPUS:85147359336

VL - 43

JO - Agronomy for Sustainable Development

JF - Agronomy for Sustainable Development

SN - 1774-0746

IS - 1

M1 - 19

ER -