Psychotherapy for subclinical depression: Meta-analysis

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenÜbersichtsarbeitenForschung

Standard

Psychotherapy for subclinical depression : Meta-analysis. / Cuijpers, Pim; Koole, Sander L.; Van Dijke, Annemiek; Roca, Miquel; Li, Juan; Reynolds, Charles F.

in: British Journal of Psychiatry, Jahrgang 205, Nr. 4, 01.10.2014, S. 268-274.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenÜbersichtsarbeitenForschung

Harvard

Cuijpers, P, Koole, SL, Van Dijke, A, Roca, M, Li, J & Reynolds, CF 2014, 'Psychotherapy for subclinical depression: Meta-analysis', British Journal of Psychiatry, Jg. 205, Nr. 4, S. 268-274. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.113.138784

APA

Cuijpers, P., Koole, S. L., Van Dijke, A., Roca, M., Li, J., & Reynolds, C. F. (2014). Psychotherapy for subclinical depression: Meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 205(4), 268-274. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.113.138784

Vancouver

Cuijpers P, Koole SL, Van Dijke A, Roca M, Li J, Reynolds CF. Psychotherapy for subclinical depression: Meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry. 2014 Okt 1;205(4):268-274. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.bp.113.138784

Bibtex

@article{eaf5585f6c964e529c4294f3e6b8fed6,
title = "Psychotherapy for subclinical depression: Meta-analysis",
abstract = "Background: There is controversy about whether psychotherapies are effective in the treatment of subclinical depression, defined by clinically relevant depressive symptoms in the absence of a major depressive disorder. Aims: To examine whether psychotherapies are effective in reducing depressive symptoms, reduce the risk of developing major depressive disorder and have comparable effects to psychological treatment of major depression. Method: We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 studies comparing a psychological treatment of subclinical depression with a control group. Results: The target groups, therapies and characteristics of the included studies differed considerably from each other, and the quality of many studies was not optimal. Psychotherapies did have a small to moderate effect on depressive symptoms against care as usual at the post-test assessment (g = 0.35, 95% CI 0.23-0.47; NNT = 5, 95% CI 4-8) and significantly reduced the incidence of major depressive episodes at 6 months (RR = 0.61) and possibly at 12 months (RR = 0.74). The effects were significantly smaller than those of psychotherapy for major depressive disorder and could be accounted for by non-specific effects of treatment. Conclusions: Psychotherapy may be effective in the treatment of subclinical depression and reduce the incidence of major depression, but more high-quality research is needed.",
keywords = "Psychology",
author = "Pim Cuijpers and Koole, {Sander L.} and {Van Dijke}, Annemiek and Miquel Roca and Juan Li and Reynolds, {Charles F.}",
year = "2014",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1192/bjp.bp.113.138784",
language = "English",
volume = "205",
pages = "268--274",
journal = "British Journal of Psychiatry",
issn = "0007-1250",
publisher = "Royal College of Psychiatrists",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychotherapy for subclinical depression

T2 - Meta-analysis

AU - Cuijpers, Pim

AU - Koole, Sander L.

AU - Van Dijke, Annemiek

AU - Roca, Miquel

AU - Li, Juan

AU - Reynolds, Charles F.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - Background: There is controversy about whether psychotherapies are effective in the treatment of subclinical depression, defined by clinically relevant depressive symptoms in the absence of a major depressive disorder. Aims: To examine whether psychotherapies are effective in reducing depressive symptoms, reduce the risk of developing major depressive disorder and have comparable effects to psychological treatment of major depression. Method: We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 studies comparing a psychological treatment of subclinical depression with a control group. Results: The target groups, therapies and characteristics of the included studies differed considerably from each other, and the quality of many studies was not optimal. Psychotherapies did have a small to moderate effect on depressive symptoms against care as usual at the post-test assessment (g = 0.35, 95% CI 0.23-0.47; NNT = 5, 95% CI 4-8) and significantly reduced the incidence of major depressive episodes at 6 months (RR = 0.61) and possibly at 12 months (RR = 0.74). The effects were significantly smaller than those of psychotherapy for major depressive disorder and could be accounted for by non-specific effects of treatment. Conclusions: Psychotherapy may be effective in the treatment of subclinical depression and reduce the incidence of major depression, but more high-quality research is needed.

AB - Background: There is controversy about whether psychotherapies are effective in the treatment of subclinical depression, defined by clinically relevant depressive symptoms in the absence of a major depressive disorder. Aims: To examine whether psychotherapies are effective in reducing depressive symptoms, reduce the risk of developing major depressive disorder and have comparable effects to psychological treatment of major depression. Method: We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 studies comparing a psychological treatment of subclinical depression with a control group. Results: The target groups, therapies and characteristics of the included studies differed considerably from each other, and the quality of many studies was not optimal. Psychotherapies did have a small to moderate effect on depressive symptoms against care as usual at the post-test assessment (g = 0.35, 95% CI 0.23-0.47; NNT = 5, 95% CI 4-8) and significantly reduced the incidence of major depressive episodes at 6 months (RR = 0.61) and possibly at 12 months (RR = 0.74). The effects were significantly smaller than those of psychotherapy for major depressive disorder and could be accounted for by non-specific effects of treatment. Conclusions: Psychotherapy may be effective in the treatment of subclinical depression and reduce the incidence of major depression, but more high-quality research is needed.

KW - Psychology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908148736&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.138784

DO - 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.138784

M3 - Scientific review articles

C2 - 25274315

AN - SCOPUS:84908148736

VL - 205

SP - 268

EP - 274

JO - British Journal of Psychiatry

JF - British Journal of Psychiatry

SN - 0007-1250

IS - 4

ER -

DOI