Product Market Competition and Economic Performance in Hungary

Publikation: Arbeits- oder Diskussionspapiere und BerichteArbeits- oder Diskussionspapiere


The establishment of competitive markets has been one of the cornerstones Hungarian economic policy over the past decade, alongside a successful strategy of attracting foreign investment. Broad statistical measures show no signs of
endemically weak domestic competition, though the country’s relatively low productivity among domestic business likely signals some sheltering from international competition. The generally healthy level of competition is partly because competition legislation and its enforcement are of a good standard. Nevertheless, room for improvement is suggested in a number of areas. In particular, it is argued that individuals should be able to initiate legal actions directly, i.e. without having to proceed via the competition authority. And, it is suggested that sanctions against individuals in hard-core cartel cases are
introduced. In examining specific sectors, this paper is critical of the pace of progress towards competition in the network industries. The rail network, for instance remains fully state-owned and run. And, problems remain in those industries which have been privatised and opened up to competition. In particular there are instances of continued regulation of consumer prices
as well as state ownership or influence on other aspects of supply chains which contributes to a dominance of incumbent
providers. Concern is also expressed about competition levels in some other areas of the economy. In particular, professional
associations are judged as often having some rules and regulations that excessively limit competition and it is concluded that on
EU membership, the size and structure of agricultural subsidies may not induce rapid restructuring. This paper is part of the
OECD’s 2004 economic survey for Hungary and is one of a series of reviews on competition issues across OECD Member
VerlagOrganisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
Anzahl der Seiten42
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 02.03.2004