Nonylphenol polyethoxylate in hospital wastewater: A study of the subproducts of electrocoagulation

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Chromatographic procedures such as solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a fluorescence detector (SPE-HPLC-FLD), were carried out to determine the concentrations of the surfactant nonylphenol ethoxylate (9 ethylene oxide units, NP9EO) and its biodegradation product, 4-nonylphenol (NP), in samples collected from the wastewater treatment system at the University Hospital (HUSM) of the Federal University of Santa Maria. The results showed a high concentration of NP9EO in all the collected samples (0.075 - 4.12 mg L 1) and an almost complete absence of NP. In addition, electrocoagulation (EC) of NP9EO was carried out in aqueous solution and in the HUSM effluent. A NP9EO removal rate of 95 % was achieved from the aqueous solution, following a pseudo-first-order kinetics. Through LC-MS measurements in aqueous solutions, it was possible to determine the formation of short-chain nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPEO), such as nonyl-phenoxy acetic acid (NP1EC), after 30 min of EC. In the case of the HUSM wastewater, the NP9EO removal was 89 %, and the chemical oxygen demand (COD) abatement was 26 %. A respirometric test was conducted to measure the increase of biodegradability during the EC and the aqueous samples were found to be less readily biodegradable before the 30-min period of electrocoagulation than after it had been completed.

Titel in ÜbersetzungNonylphenolpolyethoxylate im Krankenhaus-Abwasser: Eine Studie über die Subprodukte der Elektrokoagulation
ZeitschriftJournal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Seiten (von - bis)497-505
Anzahl der Seiten9
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.02.2012