Lab-scale experiment of a closed thermochemical heat storage system including honeycomb heat exchanger

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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A lab-scale thermochemical heat storage reactor was developed in the European project “thermal battery” to obtain information on the characteristics of a closed heat storage system, based on thermochemical reactions. The present type of storage is capable of re-using waste heat from cogeneration system to produce useful heat for space heating. The storage material used was SrBr 2·6H 2O. Due to agglomeration or gel-like problems, a structural element was introduced to enhance vapour and heat transfer. Honeycomb heat exchanger was designed and tested. 13 dehydration-hydration cycles were studied under low-temperature conditions (material temperatures < 100 °C) for storage. Discharging was realized at water vapour pressure of about 42 mbar. Temperature evolution inside the reactor at different times and positions, chemical conversion, thermal power and overall efficiency were analysed for the selected cycles. Experimental system thermal capacity and efficiency of 65 kWh and 0.77 are respectively obtained with about 1 kg of SrBr 2·6H 2O. Heat transfer fluid recovers heat at a short span of about 43 °C with an average of 22 °C during about 4 h, acceptable temperature for the human comfort (20 °C on day and 16 °C at night). System performances were obtained for a salt bed energy density of 213 kWh·m 3. The overall heat transfer coefficient of the honeycomb heat exchanger has an average value of 147 W m −2 K −1. Though promising results have been obtained, ameliorations need to be made, in order to make the closed thermochemical heat storage system competitive for space heating.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftEnergy
Jahrgang114
Seiten (von - bis)225-238
Anzahl der Seiten14
ISSN0360-5442
DOIs
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.11.2016

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