Impact of sheep grazing on nutrient budgets of dry heathlands

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Standard

Impact of sheep grazing on nutrient budgets of dry heathlands. / Fottner, Silke; Haerdtle, W.; Niemeyer, M.; Niemeyer, T.; von Oheimb, G.; Meyer, Hartmut; Mockenhaupt, Marion.

in: Applied Vegetation Science, Jahrgang 10, Nr. 3, 12.2007, S. 391-398.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Bibtex

@article{e0f607acbce34ee2b7972d640ac716b6,
title = "Impact of sheep grazing on nutrient budgets of dry heathlands",
abstract = "Questions: What effect does sheep grazing have on the nutrient budgets of heathlands? Can grazing compensate for atmospheric nutrient loads in heathland ecosystems? What are the conclusions for heathland management? Location: L{\"u}neburg Heath, NW Germany. Methods: During a one-year grazing experiment (stocking rate 1.1 sheep/ha) nutrient balances for N, Ca, K, Mg and P were calculated by quantifying input rates (atmospheric deposition, sheep excrement) and output rates (biomass removal, leaching). Results: Atmospheric nutrient deposition amounted to 22.8 kg.ha -1.a -1 for N and < 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1 for P. Sheep excrement increased the inputs for N and P by ca. 3.5 and 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1, respectively. Grazing reduced N- and P-stores in the above-ground biomass by 25.6 and 1.9 kg.ha -1.a -1, respectively. N-and P-losses via leaching amounted to 2.2 and < 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1. Output:input ratios for P were high, indicating that grazing severely affected P-budgets of heaths. Conclusions: Our results suggest that sheep grazing has the potential to compensate for atmospheric nutrient loads (particularly for current N deposition rates). However, in the long term the combination of elevated N-deposition and P-loss due to grazing may cause a shift from N-(co-) limited to more P-(co-) limited plant growth. To counteract an aggravation of P-deficiency in the long term, grazing may be combined with management measures that affect P-budgets to a lesser extent (e.g. prescribed burning).",
keywords = "Ecosystems Research, Biology, Calluna vulgaris, Deschampsia flexuosa, Heathland management, N:P ratio, Nitrogen deposition, Nutrient limitation",
author = "Silke Fottner and W. Haerdtle and M. Niemeyer and T. Niemeyer and {von Oheimb}, G. and Hartmut Meyer and Marion Mockenhaupt",
note = "Literaturverz. S. 397 - 398",
year = "2007",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1111/j.1654-109X.2007.tb00438.x",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "391--398",
journal = "Applied Vegetation Science",
issn = "1402-2001",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of sheep grazing on nutrient budgets of dry heathlands

AU - Fottner, Silke

AU - Haerdtle, W.

AU - Niemeyer, M.

AU - Niemeyer, T.

AU - von Oheimb, G.

AU - Meyer, Hartmut

AU - Mockenhaupt, Marion

N1 - Literaturverz. S. 397 - 398

PY - 2007/12

Y1 - 2007/12

N2 - Questions: What effect does sheep grazing have on the nutrient budgets of heathlands? Can grazing compensate for atmospheric nutrient loads in heathland ecosystems? What are the conclusions for heathland management? Location: Lüneburg Heath, NW Germany. Methods: During a one-year grazing experiment (stocking rate 1.1 sheep/ha) nutrient balances for N, Ca, K, Mg and P were calculated by quantifying input rates (atmospheric deposition, sheep excrement) and output rates (biomass removal, leaching). Results: Atmospheric nutrient deposition amounted to 22.8 kg.ha -1.a -1 for N and < 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1 for P. Sheep excrement increased the inputs for N and P by ca. 3.5 and 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1, respectively. Grazing reduced N- and P-stores in the above-ground biomass by 25.6 and 1.9 kg.ha -1.a -1, respectively. N-and P-losses via leaching amounted to 2.2 and < 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1. Output:input ratios for P were high, indicating that grazing severely affected P-budgets of heaths. Conclusions: Our results suggest that sheep grazing has the potential to compensate for atmospheric nutrient loads (particularly for current N deposition rates). However, in the long term the combination of elevated N-deposition and P-loss due to grazing may cause a shift from N-(co-) limited to more P-(co-) limited plant growth. To counteract an aggravation of P-deficiency in the long term, grazing may be combined with management measures that affect P-budgets to a lesser extent (e.g. prescribed burning).

AB - Questions: What effect does sheep grazing have on the nutrient budgets of heathlands? Can grazing compensate for atmospheric nutrient loads in heathland ecosystems? What are the conclusions for heathland management? Location: Lüneburg Heath, NW Germany. Methods: During a one-year grazing experiment (stocking rate 1.1 sheep/ha) nutrient balances for N, Ca, K, Mg and P were calculated by quantifying input rates (atmospheric deposition, sheep excrement) and output rates (biomass removal, leaching). Results: Atmospheric nutrient deposition amounted to 22.8 kg.ha -1.a -1 for N and < 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1 for P. Sheep excrement increased the inputs for N and P by ca. 3.5 and 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1, respectively. Grazing reduced N- and P-stores in the above-ground biomass by 25.6 and 1.9 kg.ha -1.a -1, respectively. N-and P-losses via leaching amounted to 2.2 and < 0.2 kg.ha -1.a -1. Output:input ratios for P were high, indicating that grazing severely affected P-budgets of heaths. Conclusions: Our results suggest that sheep grazing has the potential to compensate for atmospheric nutrient loads (particularly for current N deposition rates). However, in the long term the combination of elevated N-deposition and P-loss due to grazing may cause a shift from N-(co-) limited to more P-(co-) limited plant growth. To counteract an aggravation of P-deficiency in the long term, grazing may be combined with management measures that affect P-budgets to a lesser extent (e.g. prescribed burning).

KW - Ecosystems Research

KW - Biology

KW - Calluna vulgaris

KW - Deschampsia flexuosa

KW - Heathland management

KW - N:P ratio

KW - Nitrogen deposition

KW - Nutrient limitation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=46049087727&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2007.tb00438.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1654-109X.2007.tb00438.x

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 10

SP - 391

EP - 398

JO - Applied Vegetation Science

JF - Applied Vegetation Science

SN - 1402-2001

IS - 3

ER -

DOI