Analytical and Experimental Performance Analysis of Enhanced Wake-Up Receivers Based on Low-Power Base-Band Amplifiers

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Analytical and Experimental Performance Analysis of Enhanced Wake-Up Receivers Based on Low-Power Base-Band Amplifiers. / Schott, Lydia; Fromm, Robert; Bouattour, Ghada et al.

in: Sensors, Jahrgang 22, Nr. 6, 2169, 10.03.2022.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{4a499cc0717448428b5ca35f96d43390,
title = "Analytical and Experimental Performance Analysis of Enhanced Wake-Up Receivers Based on Low-Power Base-Band Amplifiers",
abstract = "With the introduction of Internet of Things (IoT) technology in several sectors, wireless, reliable, and energy-saving communication in distributed sensor networks are more important than ever. Thereby, wake-up technologies are becoming increasingly important as they significantly contribute to reducing the energy consumption of wireless sensor nodes. In an indoor environment, the use of wireless sensors, in general, is more challenging due to signal fading and reflections and needs, therefore, to be critically investigated. This paper discusses the performance analysis of wakeup receiver (WuRx) architectures based on two low frequency (LF) amplifier approaches with regard to sensitivity, power consumption, and package error rate (PER). Factors that affect systems were compared and analyzed by analytical modeling, simulation results, and experimental studies with both architectures. The developed WuRx operates in the 868 MHz band using on-off-keying (OOK) signals while supporting address detection to wake up only the targeted network node. By using an indoor setup, the signal strength and PER of received signal strength indicator (RSSI) in different rooms and distances were determined to build a wireless sensor network. The results show a wake-up packets (WuPts) detection probability of about 90% for an interior distance of up to 34 m.",
keywords = "Envelope detector, Operational amplifier, Passive RF architecture, Performance, Schottky diode, Transistor, Ultra low-power design, Wake-up receiver (WuRx), Engineering",
author = "Lydia Schott and Robert Fromm and Ghada Bouattour and Olfa Kanoun and Faouzi Derbel",
note = "Funding Information: Acknowledgments: We acknowledge support by the Open Access Publication Funds of the Leipzig University of Applied Sciences. Funding Information: This research was funded by European Union Social Fund grant number K-7531.20/496-11 and financially supported by Leipzig University of Applied Sciences by funds of S?chsisches Staatsministerium f?r Wissenschaft, Kultur und Tourismus. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.",
year = "2022",
month = mar,
day = "10",
doi = "10.3390/s22062169",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "Sensors",
issn = "1424-8239",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analytical and Experimental Performance Analysis of Enhanced Wake-Up Receivers Based on Low-Power Base-Band Amplifiers

AU - Schott, Lydia

AU - Fromm, Robert

AU - Bouattour, Ghada

AU - Kanoun, Olfa

AU - Derbel, Faouzi

N1 - Funding Information: Acknowledgments: We acknowledge support by the Open Access Publication Funds of the Leipzig University of Applied Sciences. Funding Information: This research was funded by European Union Social Fund grant number K-7531.20/496-11 and financially supported by Leipzig University of Applied Sciences by funds of S?chsisches Staatsministerium f?r Wissenschaft, Kultur und Tourismus. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

PY - 2022/3/10

Y1 - 2022/3/10

N2 - With the introduction of Internet of Things (IoT) technology in several sectors, wireless, reliable, and energy-saving communication in distributed sensor networks are more important than ever. Thereby, wake-up technologies are becoming increasingly important as they significantly contribute to reducing the energy consumption of wireless sensor nodes. In an indoor environment, the use of wireless sensors, in general, is more challenging due to signal fading and reflections and needs, therefore, to be critically investigated. This paper discusses the performance analysis of wakeup receiver (WuRx) architectures based on two low frequency (LF) amplifier approaches with regard to sensitivity, power consumption, and package error rate (PER). Factors that affect systems were compared and analyzed by analytical modeling, simulation results, and experimental studies with both architectures. The developed WuRx operates in the 868 MHz band using on-off-keying (OOK) signals while supporting address detection to wake up only the targeted network node. By using an indoor setup, the signal strength and PER of received signal strength indicator (RSSI) in different rooms and distances were determined to build a wireless sensor network. The results show a wake-up packets (WuPts) detection probability of about 90% for an interior distance of up to 34 m.

AB - With the introduction of Internet of Things (IoT) technology in several sectors, wireless, reliable, and energy-saving communication in distributed sensor networks are more important than ever. Thereby, wake-up technologies are becoming increasingly important as they significantly contribute to reducing the energy consumption of wireless sensor nodes. In an indoor environment, the use of wireless sensors, in general, is more challenging due to signal fading and reflections and needs, therefore, to be critically investigated. This paper discusses the performance analysis of wakeup receiver (WuRx) architectures based on two low frequency (LF) amplifier approaches with regard to sensitivity, power consumption, and package error rate (PER). Factors that affect systems were compared and analyzed by analytical modeling, simulation results, and experimental studies with both architectures. The developed WuRx operates in the 868 MHz band using on-off-keying (OOK) signals while supporting address detection to wake up only the targeted network node. By using an indoor setup, the signal strength and PER of received signal strength indicator (RSSI) in different rooms and distances were determined to build a wireless sensor network. The results show a wake-up packets (WuPts) detection probability of about 90% for an interior distance of up to 34 m.

KW - Envelope detector

KW - Operational amplifier

KW - Passive RF architecture

KW - Performance

KW - Schottky diode

KW - Transistor

KW - Ultra low-power design

KW - Wake-up receiver (WuRx)

KW - Engineering

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85125922735&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/s22062169

DO - 10.3390/s22062169

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 35336342

AN - SCOPUS:85125922735

VL - 22

JO - Sensors

JF - Sensors

SN - 1424-8239

IS - 6

M1 - 2169

ER -

DOI