Quality and gravity in international trade

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Quality and gravity in international trade. / Flach, Lisandra; Unger, Florian.

In: Journal of International Economics, Vol. 137, 103578, 07.2022.

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Flach L, Unger F. Quality and gravity in international trade. Journal of International Economics. 2022 Jul;137:103578. doi: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2022.103578

Bibtex

@article{20566ddd215d4c668425ab53d65fcf5f,
title = "Quality and gravity in international trade",
abstract = "This paper introduces endogenous quality innovations in a multi-country model with heterogeneous firms. We show that quality investments lead to an additional margin of adjustment in the gravity equation. In industries with a high scope for quality differentiation, the elasticity of bilateral exports with respect to fixed costs is lower due to adjustments at the extensive margin, whereas the elasticity with respect to variable costs remains unaffected. We find robust and consistent evidence for the effect of quality differentiation on the gravity equation, using aggregate trade data and Brazilian firm-level data. We apply our model and evaluate the impact of trade policies that reduce fixed export costs. Our results highlight that trade and welfare effects are substantially lower and become much more dispersed across industries than predicted by heterogeneous firm models without quality differentiation.",
keywords = "Gravity equation, Heterogeneous firms, International trade, Product quality, Trade costs, Economics",
author = "Lisandra Flach and Florian Unger",
note = "Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through SFB/TR15 is gratefully acknowledged.☆ We are grateful to Pol Antr{\`a}s, Michele Battisti, Daniel Baumgarten, Kirill Borusyak, Holger Breinlich, Maggie Chen, Banu Demir, Swati Dhingra, Carsten Eckel, Peter Egger, Julian di Giovanni, Oleg Itskhoki, Ina J{\"a}kel, Sebastian Krautheim, Mario Larch, Kalina Manova, Giordano Mion, Eduardo Morales, Dennis Novy, Ralph Ossa, Gianmarco Ottaviano, Georg Schaur, Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, Monika Schnitzer, Alexander Skiba, Joel Stiebale, Olga Timoshenko, Fabian Waldinger, Martin Watzinger, as well as participants of CEPR European Research Workshop in International Trade (ERWIT) 2018 in St Gallen, CAS International Workshop in Munich, Midwest Meetings at Purdue University 2016, Warsaw International Economic Meeting 2016, CESifo Area Conference on Global Economy 2016 in Munich, 18th Workshop “Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen” in G{\"o}ttingen, and seminar participants at George Washington University, Aarhus University, LMU Munich, Goethe University Frankfurt, University of G{\"o}ttingen, University of Mannheim, CAS M{\"u}nchen, University of Vienna and FIW “International Economics” Workshop for helpful comments and suggestions. Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through SFB/TR15 is gratefully acknowledged. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1016/j.jinteco.2022.103578",
language = "English",
volume = "137",
journal = "Journal of International Economics",
issn = "0022-1996",
publisher = "Elsevier B.V.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quality and gravity in international trade

AU - Flach, Lisandra

AU - Unger, Florian

N1 - Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through SFB/TR15 is gratefully acknowledged.☆ We are grateful to Pol Antràs, Michele Battisti, Daniel Baumgarten, Kirill Borusyak, Holger Breinlich, Maggie Chen, Banu Demir, Swati Dhingra, Carsten Eckel, Peter Egger, Julian di Giovanni, Oleg Itskhoki, Ina Jäkel, Sebastian Krautheim, Mario Larch, Kalina Manova, Giordano Mion, Eduardo Morales, Dennis Novy, Ralph Ossa, Gianmarco Ottaviano, Georg Schaur, Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, Monika Schnitzer, Alexander Skiba, Joel Stiebale, Olga Timoshenko, Fabian Waldinger, Martin Watzinger, as well as participants of CEPR European Research Workshop in International Trade (ERWIT) 2018 in St Gallen, CAS International Workshop in Munich, Midwest Meetings at Purdue University 2016, Warsaw International Economic Meeting 2016, CESifo Area Conference on Global Economy 2016 in Munich, 18th Workshop “Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen” in Göttingen, and seminar participants at George Washington University, Aarhus University, LMU Munich, Goethe University Frankfurt, University of Göttingen, University of Mannheim, CAS München, University of Vienna and FIW “International Economics” Workshop for helpful comments and suggestions. Financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft through SFB/TR15 is gratefully acknowledged. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - This paper introduces endogenous quality innovations in a multi-country model with heterogeneous firms. We show that quality investments lead to an additional margin of adjustment in the gravity equation. In industries with a high scope for quality differentiation, the elasticity of bilateral exports with respect to fixed costs is lower due to adjustments at the extensive margin, whereas the elasticity with respect to variable costs remains unaffected. We find robust and consistent evidence for the effect of quality differentiation on the gravity equation, using aggregate trade data and Brazilian firm-level data. We apply our model and evaluate the impact of trade policies that reduce fixed export costs. Our results highlight that trade and welfare effects are substantially lower and become much more dispersed across industries than predicted by heterogeneous firm models without quality differentiation.

AB - This paper introduces endogenous quality innovations in a multi-country model with heterogeneous firms. We show that quality investments lead to an additional margin of adjustment in the gravity equation. In industries with a high scope for quality differentiation, the elasticity of bilateral exports with respect to fixed costs is lower due to adjustments at the extensive margin, whereas the elasticity with respect to variable costs remains unaffected. We find robust and consistent evidence for the effect of quality differentiation on the gravity equation, using aggregate trade data and Brazilian firm-level data. We apply our model and evaluate the impact of trade policies that reduce fixed export costs. Our results highlight that trade and welfare effects are substantially lower and become much more dispersed across industries than predicted by heterogeneous firm models without quality differentiation.

KW - Gravity equation

KW - Heterogeneous firms

KW - International trade

KW - Product quality

KW - Trade costs

KW - Economics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85124572913&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jinteco.2022.103578

DO - 10.1016/j.jinteco.2022.103578

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85124572913

VL - 137

JO - Journal of International Economics

JF - Journal of International Economics

SN - 0022-1996

M1 - 103578

ER -