Possible future space debris mitigation and removal legal, regulatory and technical scenarios

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Possible future space debris mitigation and removal legal, regulatory and technical scenarios. / Antonetti, Stefano; Toson, Elena; Smith, Lesley Jane et al.

In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC, Vol. 2016, IAC-16,A6,8,9,x35151, 13.06.2016.

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@article{4139726f27304a9cb4342d2203480d6d,
title = "Possible future space debris mitigation and removal legal, regulatory and technical scenarios",
abstract = "Nowadays, carrying out successful space activities requires additional efforts to manage the increasing concerns coming from space debris. Different stakeholders, from space agencies to industrial players, are proposing new measures to tackle the issue, ranging from enhanced space debris detection, improved mitigation procedures and innovative removal solutions. However, in many cases the technical measures fail to consider the issue as interdisciplinary, not contemplating the policy, legal and regulatory point of view. First of all, the concept of {"}sustainability of space activities{"} should be addressed in a more concise way to achieve enforceable regulation. There is therefore a need to focus first of all on the current sources that make space debris a potential problem, for example collision risk, third party liability, increasing of operational costs, offset of externalities on future space players, and so on. From this analysis, a recognition and alignment of technical standards can be undertaken with the rules related with liability in space and on ground. While space debris-specific regulations and technical standards will most likely evolve in the near future to adopt the state-of-the-art technology as binding in acquiring a license to launch and operate in space, the space community is still facing the fact that so far, very few cases have been analyzed. This situation has contributed to a number of {"}grey areas{"} in the regulatory and legal landscape. Ideally, in the future, non-compliant operators would face legal consequences (e.g. withdrawal of license, payments into funds, etc.). More realistically, space operators should be convinced to have a more proactive behavior towards minimizing space debris proliferation by the economic advantages that a low-risk space environment can lead to in the long-term. In this paper, several case studies involving issues such as liability and casualty will be explored and analyzed. The results will then be compared with the state-of-the-art technical solutions and with the possible future perspectives in term of policy and regulations.",
keywords = "Debris, Insurance, Law, Liability, Sustainability, Law",
author = "Stefano Antonetti and Elena Toson and Smith, {Lesley Jane} and {La Regina}, Veronica and Matteo Emanuelli",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
day = "13",
language = "English",
volume = "2016",
journal = "Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC",
issn = "0074-1795",
publisher = "International Astronautical Federation, IAF",
note = "67th International Astronautical Congress - IAC 2016 : Making Space Accessible and Affordable to All Countries, IAC 2016 ; Conference date: 26-09-2016 Through 30-09-2016",
url = "http://toc.proceedings.com/33478webtoc.pdf",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Possible future space debris mitigation and removal legal, regulatory and technical scenarios

AU - Antonetti, Stefano

AU - Toson, Elena

AU - Smith, Lesley Jane

AU - La Regina, Veronica

AU - Emanuelli, Matteo

N1 - Conference code: 67

PY - 2016/6/13

Y1 - 2016/6/13

N2 - Nowadays, carrying out successful space activities requires additional efforts to manage the increasing concerns coming from space debris. Different stakeholders, from space agencies to industrial players, are proposing new measures to tackle the issue, ranging from enhanced space debris detection, improved mitigation procedures and innovative removal solutions. However, in many cases the technical measures fail to consider the issue as interdisciplinary, not contemplating the policy, legal and regulatory point of view. First of all, the concept of "sustainability of space activities" should be addressed in a more concise way to achieve enforceable regulation. There is therefore a need to focus first of all on the current sources that make space debris a potential problem, for example collision risk, third party liability, increasing of operational costs, offset of externalities on future space players, and so on. From this analysis, a recognition and alignment of technical standards can be undertaken with the rules related with liability in space and on ground. While space debris-specific regulations and technical standards will most likely evolve in the near future to adopt the state-of-the-art technology as binding in acquiring a license to launch and operate in space, the space community is still facing the fact that so far, very few cases have been analyzed. This situation has contributed to a number of "grey areas" in the regulatory and legal landscape. Ideally, in the future, non-compliant operators would face legal consequences (e.g. withdrawal of license, payments into funds, etc.). More realistically, space operators should be convinced to have a more proactive behavior towards minimizing space debris proliferation by the economic advantages that a low-risk space environment can lead to in the long-term. In this paper, several case studies involving issues such as liability and casualty will be explored and analyzed. The results will then be compared with the state-of-the-art technical solutions and with the possible future perspectives in term of policy and regulations.

AB - Nowadays, carrying out successful space activities requires additional efforts to manage the increasing concerns coming from space debris. Different stakeholders, from space agencies to industrial players, are proposing new measures to tackle the issue, ranging from enhanced space debris detection, improved mitigation procedures and innovative removal solutions. However, in many cases the technical measures fail to consider the issue as interdisciplinary, not contemplating the policy, legal and regulatory point of view. First of all, the concept of "sustainability of space activities" should be addressed in a more concise way to achieve enforceable regulation. There is therefore a need to focus first of all on the current sources that make space debris a potential problem, for example collision risk, third party liability, increasing of operational costs, offset of externalities on future space players, and so on. From this analysis, a recognition and alignment of technical standards can be undertaken with the rules related with liability in space and on ground. While space debris-specific regulations and technical standards will most likely evolve in the near future to adopt the state-of-the-art technology as binding in acquiring a license to launch and operate in space, the space community is still facing the fact that so far, very few cases have been analyzed. This situation has contributed to a number of "grey areas" in the regulatory and legal landscape. Ideally, in the future, non-compliant operators would face legal consequences (e.g. withdrawal of license, payments into funds, etc.). More realistically, space operators should be convinced to have a more proactive behavior towards minimizing space debris proliferation by the economic advantages that a low-risk space environment can lead to in the long-term. In this paper, several case studies involving issues such as liability and casualty will be explored and analyzed. The results will then be compared with the state-of-the-art technical solutions and with the possible future perspectives in term of policy and regulations.

KW - Debris

KW - Insurance

KW - Law

KW - Liability

KW - Sustainability

KW - Law

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016512996&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article in journal

AN - SCOPUS:85016512996

VL - 2016

JO - Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC

JF - Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC

SN - 0074-1795

M1 - IAC-16,A6,8,9,x35151

T2 - 67th International Astronautical Congress - IAC 2016

Y2 - 26 September 2016 through 30 September 2016

ER -