Linking the multi-level perspective with social representations theory: Gasifiers as a niche innovation reinforcing the energy-from-waste (EfW) regime

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The multi-level perspective (MLP) theorises technological change as a process of niche innovations competing with incumbent socio-technical regimes. As a mid-range theoretical framework, the MLP invites complementary, more detailed theorisation of salient issues, especially the roles of socio-political agency in changing regime rules around technological competition. Taking a socio-cognitive perspective, this paper links the MLP with social representations theory, to show how a new technology is diversely 'anchored' in a familiar one for different agendas. The case study is a specific niche innovation - thermal treatments of municipal solid waste (MSW) within the UK's wider regime of energy-from-waste (EfW). Through landscape-level changes, controversy over incinerators has destabilised the EfW regime's rules. This instability has opened up opportunities for gasifiers as a niche innovation, yet gasifiers have also become an extra focus for conflict over incinerators' wider role in the waste hierarchy. Agents compare thermal-treatment options for MSW according to various criteria which have unstable, changing rules. These express different socio-cognitive frameworks, analysed here as diverse social representations of novelty. The case study offers an insiders' perspective on endogenous enactment, i.e. the conflicting roles of socio-political agency in shaping transition pathways.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 07.2017

Bibliographical note

Open Access funded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/K036793/1 - Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council/ EPSRC). This work was supported by grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Supergen programme during 2013–17, project no. EP/K036793/1, ‘Increasing energy yield from the integration of anaerobic digestion and pyrolysis’,

    Research areas

  • Sustainability Science - Multi-level perspective (MLP), Niche innovation, Social representations, Municipal solid waste (MSW), Advanced thermal treatment (ATT), Gasification