Leverage points for addressing marine and coastal pollution: A review

Research output: Journal contributionsScientific review articlesResearch

Authors

Despite an increasing understanding of the issue of marine pollution, humanity continues on a largely unsustainable trajectory. This study aimed to identify and classify the range of scientific studies and interventions to address coastal and marine pollution. We reviewed 2417 scientific papers published between 2000 and 2018, 741 of which we analysed in depth. To classify pollution interventions, we applied the systems-oriented concept of leverage points, which focuses on places to intervene in complex systems to bring about systemic change. We found that pollution is largely studied as a technical problem and fewer studies engage with pollution as a systemic social-ecological issue. While recognising the importance of technical solutions, we highlight the need to focus on under-researched areas pertaining to the deeper drivers of pollution (e.g. institutions, values) which are needed to fundamentally alter system trajectories.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112263
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume167
Number of pages10
ISSN0025-326X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01.06.2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Environmental planning
  • Marine debris, Marine litter, Oil spills, Plastics, Social-ecological systems, Sustainability transformations, Environmental Monitoring, Ecosystem, Environmental Pollution, Waste Products/analysis

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DOI