How to Induce an Error Management Climate: Experimental Evidence from Newly Formed Teams

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How to Induce an Error Management Climate : Experimental Evidence from Newly Formed Teams. / Horvath, Dorothee; Keith, Nina; Klamar, Alexander et al.

In: Journal of Business and Psychology, 26.07.2022.

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

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@article{120e139644a640dc82f62f780f55060a,
title = "How to Induce an Error Management Climate: Experimental Evidence from Newly Formed Teams",
abstract = "An organizational climate of error management is associated with favorable organizational outcomes, including firm success, innovation, and safety. But how can an error management climate be induced? The present research used newly formed teams in a controlled setting as a model and tested the effect of two brief interventions on team climate and performance. In three-person teams, 180 participants worked on two team tasks that required communication and coordination, under 1 of 3 experimental conditions. Two of these were designed to induce an error management climate either indirectly, via the communication of social norms, or more directly, via explicit encouragement of experimentation and learning from errors. The third condition served as an error avoidant comparison group. In line with predictions, the climate induction increased processes of error management climate as perceived by teams, which in turn positively affected objectively measured team performance (mediation effect). These results strongly suggest that team error management climate can indeed affect performance and is not merely a correlate of unknown third variables that were unmeasured in previous correlational research. From a practical perspective, this research provides guidance on how principles of social influence may be leveraged to induce an error management climate.",
keywords = "Error management, Learning, Mindset, Organizational climate, Organizational culture, Team climate, Team culture, Teams, Business psychology, Management studies",
author = "Dorothee Horvath and Nina Keith and Alexander Klamar and Michael Frese",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022, The Author(s).",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
day = "26",
doi = "10.1007/s10869-022-09835-x",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Business and Psychology",
issn = "0889-3268",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - How to Induce an Error Management Climate

T2 - Experimental Evidence from Newly Formed Teams

AU - Horvath, Dorothee

AU - Keith, Nina

AU - Klamar, Alexander

AU - Frese, Michael

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).

PY - 2022/7/26

Y1 - 2022/7/26

N2 - An organizational climate of error management is associated with favorable organizational outcomes, including firm success, innovation, and safety. But how can an error management climate be induced? The present research used newly formed teams in a controlled setting as a model and tested the effect of two brief interventions on team climate and performance. In three-person teams, 180 participants worked on two team tasks that required communication and coordination, under 1 of 3 experimental conditions. Two of these were designed to induce an error management climate either indirectly, via the communication of social norms, or more directly, via explicit encouragement of experimentation and learning from errors. The third condition served as an error avoidant comparison group. In line with predictions, the climate induction increased processes of error management climate as perceived by teams, which in turn positively affected objectively measured team performance (mediation effect). These results strongly suggest that team error management climate can indeed affect performance and is not merely a correlate of unknown third variables that were unmeasured in previous correlational research. From a practical perspective, this research provides guidance on how principles of social influence may be leveraged to induce an error management climate.

AB - An organizational climate of error management is associated with favorable organizational outcomes, including firm success, innovation, and safety. But how can an error management climate be induced? The present research used newly formed teams in a controlled setting as a model and tested the effect of two brief interventions on team climate and performance. In three-person teams, 180 participants worked on two team tasks that required communication and coordination, under 1 of 3 experimental conditions. Two of these were designed to induce an error management climate either indirectly, via the communication of social norms, or more directly, via explicit encouragement of experimentation and learning from errors. The third condition served as an error avoidant comparison group. In line with predictions, the climate induction increased processes of error management climate as perceived by teams, which in turn positively affected objectively measured team performance (mediation effect). These results strongly suggest that team error management climate can indeed affect performance and is not merely a correlate of unknown third variables that were unmeasured in previous correlational research. From a practical perspective, this research provides guidance on how principles of social influence may be leveraged to induce an error management climate.

KW - Error management

KW - Learning

KW - Mindset

KW - Organizational climate

KW - Organizational culture

KW - Team climate

KW - Team culture

KW - Teams

KW - Business psychology

KW - Management studies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85134821298&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/e68fe76d-83c7-327b-b693-3744a352751d/

U2 - 10.1007/s10869-022-09835-x

DO - 10.1007/s10869-022-09835-x

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85134821298

JO - Journal of Business and Psychology

JF - Journal of Business and Psychology

SN - 0889-3268

ER -