Exports, R&D and productivity: a test of the Bustos-model with German enterprise data

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This paper presents the first empirical test with German firm level data of a hypothesis derived by Bustos (AER 2011) in a model that explains the decision of heterogeneous firms to export and to engage in R&D, Using a non-parametric test for first order stochastic dominance it is shown that, in line with this hypothesis, the productivity distribution of firms with exports and R&D dominates that of exporters without R&D. which in turn dominates that of firms that neither export nor engage in R&D. These results are in line with findings for Argentina. The model, therefore, seems to be useful to guide empirical work on the relation between exports. R&D and productivity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEconomics Bulletin
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1942-1948
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2012