Synthesis of Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids with the Weakly Coordinating [Al(ORF)(4)](-) Anion (R-F = C(H)(CF3)(2)) and the Determination of Their Principal Physical Properties

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Synthesis of Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids with the Weakly Coordinating [Al(ORF)(4)](-) Anion (R-F = C(H)(CF3)(2)) and the Determination of Their Principal Physical Properties. / Bulut, Safak; Klose, Petra; Huang, Mian-Mian; Weingartner, Hermann; Dyson, Paul J.; Laurenczy, Gabor; Friedrich, Christian; Menz, Jakob; Kummerer, Klaus; Krossing, Ingo.

in: Chemistry - A European Journal, Jahrgang 16, Nr. 44, 22.11.2010, S. 13139-13154.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{2ef4b2dfb91143449d47cbe6bb005418,
title = "Synthesis of Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids with the Weakly Coordinating [Al(ORF)(4)](-) Anion (R-F = C(H)(CF3)(2)) and the Determination of Their Principal Physical Properties",
abstract = "A large series of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the weakly coordinating alkoxyaluminate [Al(hfip) 4] - (hfip: hexafluoroisopropoxy) with classical as well as functionalized cations were prepared, and their principal physical properties determined. Melting points are between 0 ([C 4MMIM][Al(hfip) 4]) and 69 °C ([C 3MPip] [Al(hfip) 4]); three qualify as room-temperature ILs (RTILs). Crystal structures for six ILs were determined; their structural parameters and anion-cation contacts are compared here with known ILs, with a special focus on their influence on physical properties. Moreover, the biodegradability of the compounds was investigated by using the closed-bottle and the manometric respirometry test. Temperature-dependent viscosities and conductivities were measured between 0 and 80 °C, and described by either the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) or the Arrhenius equations. Moreover, conductivities and viscosities were investigated in the context of the molecular volume, V m. Physical property-V m correlations were carried out for various temperatures, and the temperature dependence of the molecular volume was analyzed by using crystal structure data and DFT calculations. The IL ionicity was investigated by Walden plots; according to this analysis, [Al(hfip) 4] - ILs may be classified as {"}very good to good ILs{"} while [C 2MIM][Al(hfip) 4] is a better IL than [C 2MIM][NTf 2]. The dielectric constants of ten [Al(hfip) 4] - ILs were determined, and are unexpectedly high (ε r=11.5 to 16.8). This could be rationalized by considering additional calculated dipole moments of the structures frozen in the solid state by DFT. The determination of hydrogen gas solubility in [Al(hfip) 4] - RTILs by high-pressure NMR spectroscopy revealed very high hydrogen solubilities at 25 °C and 1 atm. These results indicate the significant potential of this class of ILs in manifold applications. New RTILs: A series of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the weakly coordinating anion [Al(hfip) 4] - (see figure) has been synthesized and thoroughly characterized. The ILs were found to have widely interesting properties that suggest potential for these ILs in many applications (hfip=hexafluoroisopropoxy).",
keywords = "Chemistry, conducting materials, dielectric constants, green chemistry, hydrogen, ionic liquids, conducting materials, dielectric constants, green chemistry, hydrogen, ionic liquids",
author = "Safak Bulut and Petra Klose and Mian-Mian Huang and Hermann Weingartner and Dyson, {Paul J.} and Gabor Laurenczy and Christian Friedrich and Jakob Menz and Klaus Kummerer and Ingo Krossing",
year = "2010",
month = nov,
day = "22",
doi = "10.1002/chem.201000982",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "13139--13154",
journal = "Chemistry - A European Journal",
issn = "0947-6539",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "44",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis of Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids with the Weakly Coordinating [Al(ORF)(4)](-) Anion (R-F = C(H)(CF3)(2)) and the Determination of Their Principal Physical Properties

AU - Bulut, Safak

AU - Klose, Petra

AU - Huang, Mian-Mian

AU - Weingartner, Hermann

AU - Dyson, Paul J.

AU - Laurenczy, Gabor

AU - Friedrich, Christian

AU - Menz, Jakob

AU - Kummerer, Klaus

AU - Krossing, Ingo

PY - 2010/11/22

Y1 - 2010/11/22

N2 - A large series of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the weakly coordinating alkoxyaluminate [Al(hfip) 4] - (hfip: hexafluoroisopropoxy) with classical as well as functionalized cations were prepared, and their principal physical properties determined. Melting points are between 0 ([C 4MMIM][Al(hfip) 4]) and 69 °C ([C 3MPip] [Al(hfip) 4]); three qualify as room-temperature ILs (RTILs). Crystal structures for six ILs were determined; their structural parameters and anion-cation contacts are compared here with known ILs, with a special focus on their influence on physical properties. Moreover, the biodegradability of the compounds was investigated by using the closed-bottle and the manometric respirometry test. Temperature-dependent viscosities and conductivities were measured between 0 and 80 °C, and described by either the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) or the Arrhenius equations. Moreover, conductivities and viscosities were investigated in the context of the molecular volume, V m. Physical property-V m correlations were carried out for various temperatures, and the temperature dependence of the molecular volume was analyzed by using crystal structure data and DFT calculations. The IL ionicity was investigated by Walden plots; according to this analysis, [Al(hfip) 4] - ILs may be classified as "very good to good ILs" while [C 2MIM][Al(hfip) 4] is a better IL than [C 2MIM][NTf 2]. The dielectric constants of ten [Al(hfip) 4] - ILs were determined, and are unexpectedly high (ε r=11.5 to 16.8). This could be rationalized by considering additional calculated dipole moments of the structures frozen in the solid state by DFT. The determination of hydrogen gas solubility in [Al(hfip) 4] - RTILs by high-pressure NMR spectroscopy revealed very high hydrogen solubilities at 25 °C and 1 atm. These results indicate the significant potential of this class of ILs in manifold applications. New RTILs: A series of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the weakly coordinating anion [Al(hfip) 4] - (see figure) has been synthesized and thoroughly characterized. The ILs were found to have widely interesting properties that suggest potential for these ILs in many applications (hfip=hexafluoroisopropoxy).

AB - A large series of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the weakly coordinating alkoxyaluminate [Al(hfip) 4] - (hfip: hexafluoroisopropoxy) with classical as well as functionalized cations were prepared, and their principal physical properties determined. Melting points are between 0 ([C 4MMIM][Al(hfip) 4]) and 69 °C ([C 3MPip] [Al(hfip) 4]); three qualify as room-temperature ILs (RTILs). Crystal structures for six ILs were determined; their structural parameters and anion-cation contacts are compared here with known ILs, with a special focus on their influence on physical properties. Moreover, the biodegradability of the compounds was investigated by using the closed-bottle and the manometric respirometry test. Temperature-dependent viscosities and conductivities were measured between 0 and 80 °C, and described by either the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann (VFT) or the Arrhenius equations. Moreover, conductivities and viscosities were investigated in the context of the molecular volume, V m. Physical property-V m correlations were carried out for various temperatures, and the temperature dependence of the molecular volume was analyzed by using crystal structure data and DFT calculations. The IL ionicity was investigated by Walden plots; according to this analysis, [Al(hfip) 4] - ILs may be classified as "very good to good ILs" while [C 2MIM][Al(hfip) 4] is a better IL than [C 2MIM][NTf 2]. The dielectric constants of ten [Al(hfip) 4] - ILs were determined, and are unexpectedly high (ε r=11.5 to 16.8). This could be rationalized by considering additional calculated dipole moments of the structures frozen in the solid state by DFT. The determination of hydrogen gas solubility in [Al(hfip) 4] - RTILs by high-pressure NMR spectroscopy revealed very high hydrogen solubilities at 25 °C and 1 atm. These results indicate the significant potential of this class of ILs in manifold applications. New RTILs: A series of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the weakly coordinating anion [Al(hfip) 4] - (see figure) has been synthesized and thoroughly characterized. The ILs were found to have widely interesting properties that suggest potential for these ILs in many applications (hfip=hexafluoroisopropoxy).

KW - Chemistry

KW - conducting materials

KW - dielectric constants

KW - green chemistry

KW - hydrogen

KW - ionic liquids

KW - conducting materials

KW - dielectric constants

KW - green chemistry

KW - hydrogen

KW - ionic liquids

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956897965&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/chem.201000982

DO - 10.1002/chem.201000982

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 20886467

VL - 16

SP - 13139

EP - 13154

JO - Chemistry - A European Journal

JF - Chemistry - A European Journal

SN - 0947-6539

IS - 44

ER -

DOI