Gender equality as a confounder in the epidemiological approach

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A rapidly growing literature uses the epidemiological approach (Fernández & Fogli, 2009) to explore the impact of"culture" on economic behavior in a wide variety of geographical contexts. To better understand potential threats toidentification, we apply the method to a recent European data set. We find that proxies of country-of-origin cultureaffect second-generation immigrant women`s labor force participation and fertility in Europe. The effect iseconomically and statistically significant among women descending from countries in which gender equality isrelatively high, but it is far less pronounced or absent among women descending from low gender equality countries.These findings suggest that parental selection into migration, as well as intergenerational spillover effects, are importantconfounders in applications of the epidemiological approach.
ZeitschriftEconomics Bulletin
Seiten (von - bis)1292-1299
Anzahl der Seiten8
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 09.05.2020