Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Standard

Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation. / Fornoff, Felix; Klein, Alexandra-Maria; Hartig, Florian; Benadi, Gita; Venjakob, Christine; Schaefer, H. Martin; Ebeling, Anne.

in: Oikos, Jahrgang 126, Nr. 7, 07.2017, S. 1020-1030.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Harvard

Fornoff, F, Klein, A-M, Hartig, F, Benadi, G, Venjakob, C, Schaefer, HM & Ebeling, A 2017, 'Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation', Oikos, Jg. 126, Nr. 7, S. 1020-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.03869

APA

Fornoff, F., Klein, A-M., Hartig, F., Benadi, G., Venjakob, C., Schaefer, H. M., & Ebeling, A. (2017). Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation. Oikos, 126(7), 1020-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.03869

Vancouver

Fornoff F, Klein A-M, Hartig F, Benadi G, Venjakob C, Schaefer HM et al. Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation. Oikos. 2017 Jul;126(7):1020-1030. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.03869

Bibtex

@article{7cb295c5f637451a9609c0e8cea1ee90,
title = "Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation",
abstract = "Recent studies have shown that the diversity of flowering plants can enhance pollinator richness and visitation frequency and thereby increase the resilience of pollination. It is assumed that flower traits explain these effects, but it is still unclear which flower traits are responsible, and knowing that, if pollinator richness and visitation frequency are more driven by mass-ratio effects (mean trait values) or by trait diversity. Here, we analyse a three-year data set of pollinator observations collected in a European grassland plant diversity experiment (The Jena experiment). The data entail comprehensive flower trait measurements, including reward traits (nectar and pollen amount), morphological traits (height, symmetry, area, colour spectra) and chemical traits (nectar-amino acid and nectar-sugar concentration). We test if pollinator species richness and visitation frequency of flower communities depend on overall functional diversity combining all flower traits within a community, single trait diversities (within trait variation) and community-weighted means of the single traits, using Bayesian inference. Overall functional diversity did not affect pollinator species richness, but reduced visitation frequency. When looking at individual flower traits separately, we found that single trait diversity of flower reflectance and flower morphology were important predictors of pollinator visitation frequency. Moreover, independent of total flower abundance, community-weighted means of flower height, area, reflectance, nectar-sugar concentration and nectar-amino acid concentration strongly affected both pollinator species richness and visitation frequency. Our results, challenge the idea that functional diversity always positively affects ecosystem functions. Nonetheless, we demonstrate that both single trait diversity and mass-ratio effects of flower traits play an important role for diverse and frequent flower visits, which underlines the functionality of flower traits for pollination services.",
keywords = "Ecosystems Research, Ecosystem Processes, Plant-communities, psylogenetic diversity, multiple traits, floral traits, biodiversity, grassland, nectar, Services , forest",
author = "Felix Fornoff and Alexandra-Maria Klein and Florian Hartig and Gita Benadi and Christine Venjakob and Schaefer, {H. Martin} and Anne Ebeling",
year = "2017",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1111/oik.03869",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "1020--1030",
journal = "Oikos",
issn = "0030-1299",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Functional flower traits and their diversity drive pollinator visitation

AU - Fornoff, Felix

AU - Klein, Alexandra-Maria

AU - Hartig, Florian

AU - Benadi, Gita

AU - Venjakob, Christine

AU - Schaefer, H. Martin

AU - Ebeling, Anne

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - Recent studies have shown that the diversity of flowering plants can enhance pollinator richness and visitation frequency and thereby increase the resilience of pollination. It is assumed that flower traits explain these effects, but it is still unclear which flower traits are responsible, and knowing that, if pollinator richness and visitation frequency are more driven by mass-ratio effects (mean trait values) or by trait diversity. Here, we analyse a three-year data set of pollinator observations collected in a European grassland plant diversity experiment (The Jena experiment). The data entail comprehensive flower trait measurements, including reward traits (nectar and pollen amount), morphological traits (height, symmetry, area, colour spectra) and chemical traits (nectar-amino acid and nectar-sugar concentration). We test if pollinator species richness and visitation frequency of flower communities depend on overall functional diversity combining all flower traits within a community, single trait diversities (within trait variation) and community-weighted means of the single traits, using Bayesian inference. Overall functional diversity did not affect pollinator species richness, but reduced visitation frequency. When looking at individual flower traits separately, we found that single trait diversity of flower reflectance and flower morphology were important predictors of pollinator visitation frequency. Moreover, independent of total flower abundance, community-weighted means of flower height, area, reflectance, nectar-sugar concentration and nectar-amino acid concentration strongly affected both pollinator species richness and visitation frequency. Our results, challenge the idea that functional diversity always positively affects ecosystem functions. Nonetheless, we demonstrate that both single trait diversity and mass-ratio effects of flower traits play an important role for diverse and frequent flower visits, which underlines the functionality of flower traits for pollination services.

AB - Recent studies have shown that the diversity of flowering plants can enhance pollinator richness and visitation frequency and thereby increase the resilience of pollination. It is assumed that flower traits explain these effects, but it is still unclear which flower traits are responsible, and knowing that, if pollinator richness and visitation frequency are more driven by mass-ratio effects (mean trait values) or by trait diversity. Here, we analyse a three-year data set of pollinator observations collected in a European grassland plant diversity experiment (The Jena experiment). The data entail comprehensive flower trait measurements, including reward traits (nectar and pollen amount), morphological traits (height, symmetry, area, colour spectra) and chemical traits (nectar-amino acid and nectar-sugar concentration). We test if pollinator species richness and visitation frequency of flower communities depend on overall functional diversity combining all flower traits within a community, single trait diversities (within trait variation) and community-weighted means of the single traits, using Bayesian inference. Overall functional diversity did not affect pollinator species richness, but reduced visitation frequency. When looking at individual flower traits separately, we found that single trait diversity of flower reflectance and flower morphology were important predictors of pollinator visitation frequency. Moreover, independent of total flower abundance, community-weighted means of flower height, area, reflectance, nectar-sugar concentration and nectar-amino acid concentration strongly affected both pollinator species richness and visitation frequency. Our results, challenge the idea that functional diversity always positively affects ecosystem functions. Nonetheless, we demonstrate that both single trait diversity and mass-ratio effects of flower traits play an important role for diverse and frequent flower visits, which underlines the functionality of flower traits for pollination services.

KW - Ecosystems Research

KW - Ecosystem Processes

KW - Plant-communities

KW - psylogenetic diversity

KW - multiple traits

KW - floral traits

KW - biodiversity

KW - grassland

KW - nectar

KW - Services

KW - forest

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011697891&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/oik.03869

DO - 10.1111/oik.03869

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85011697891

VL - 126

SP - 1020

EP - 1030

JO - Oikos

JF - Oikos

SN - 0030-1299

IS - 7

ER -

DOI