Exports and Productivity Growth: First Evidence from a Continuous Treatment Approach

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Authors

A recent survey of 54 micro-econometric studies reveals that exporting firms are more productive than non-exporters. However, previous empirical studies show that exporting does not necessarily improve productivity. One possible reason for this result is that most previous studies are restricted to analysing the relationship between a firm's export status and the growth of its labour productivity, using the firms' export status as a binary treatment variable and comparing the performance of exporting and non-exporting firms. In this paper, we apply the newly developed generalised propensity score (GPS) methodology that allows for continuous treatment, that is, different levels of the firms' export activities. Using the GPS method and a large panel data set for German manufacturing firms, we estimate the relationship between a firm's export-sales ratio and its labour productivity growth rate. We find that there is a causal effect of firms' export activities on labour productivity growth. However, exporting improves labour productivity growth only within a sub-interval of the range of firms' export-sales ratios.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftReview of World Economics
Jahrgang144
Ausgabenummer4
Seiten (von - bis)695-722
Anzahl der Seiten28
ISSN1610-2878
DOIs
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 12.2008

Bibliographische Notiz

Literaturverz. S. 720 - 722

DOI