Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Standard

Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience. / Peifer, Corinna; Schächinger, Hartmut; Engeser, Stefan; Antoni, Conny H.

in: Psychopharmacology, Jahrgang 232, Nr. 6, 03.2015, S. 1165-1173.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Harvard

Peifer, C, Schächinger, H, Engeser, S & Antoni, CH 2015, 'Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience', Psychopharmacology, Jg. 232, Nr. 6, S. 1165-1173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-014-3753-5

APA

Peifer, C., Schächinger, H., Engeser, S., & Antoni, C. H. (2015). Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience. Psychopharmacology, 232(6), 1165-1173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-014-3753-5

Vancouver

Peifer C, Schächinger H, Engeser S, Antoni CH. Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience. Psychopharmacology. 2015 Mär;232(6):1165-1173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-014-3753-5

Bibtex

@article{f28298f85b9145e1940ed1662a23757b,
title = "Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience",
abstract = "RationaleStress affects flow-experience, but the mediating psychobiological mechanisms remain unknown. Previous studies showed an association between flow-experience and endogenous cortisol levels, suggesting an inverted, u-shaped relation between flow-experience and cortisol. However, these studies could not exclude effects of other stress factors.ObjectivesThe aim of this experiment was, therefore, to test the isolated effect of cortisol on flow-experience, independent of concomitant physiological and psychological stress responses, via controlled administration of exogenous cortisol.MethodsSixty-four young healthy subjects (32 males, 32 females) participated in the experiment. According to a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, they received 20 mg oral cortisol on 1 day and placebo on the other day, respectively, with a time distance of 1 week between the experimental days. One hour after cortisol administration, participants engaged in the computer game Pacman. Pacman was delivered in five blocks of randomly differing difficulty levels. One block lasted 5 min. At the end of each block, participants rated flow-experience by the Flow Short Scale. Data was analyzed with hierarchical linear modeling. Subjects were not able to predict whether the pill they received contained cortisol or placebo.ResultsOverall, results revealed a negative effect of oral 20 mg cortisol on flow-experience, with no differences between males and females.ConclusionsThis study is the first to show that exogenous cortisol in a dose corresponding to a severe stressor impairs flow-experience. The observed negative effect of high cortisol dosage on experienced flow underlines recent findings of an inverted u-shaped relationship between cortisol and flow.",
keywords = "Psychology, Flow-experience . Optimal functioning . Cognitive absorption . Cortisol . Stress, Flow-experience . Optimal functioning . Cognitive absorption . Cortisol . Stress",
author = "Corinna Peifer and Hartmut Sch{\"a}chinger and Stefan Engeser and Antoni, {Conny H.}",
year = "2015",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1007/s00213-014-3753-5",
language = "English",
volume = "232",
pages = "1165--1173",
journal = "Psychopharmacology",
issn = "0033-3158",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cortisol Effects on Flow-Experience

AU - Peifer, Corinna

AU - Schächinger, Hartmut

AU - Engeser, Stefan

AU - Antoni, Conny H.

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - RationaleStress affects flow-experience, but the mediating psychobiological mechanisms remain unknown. Previous studies showed an association between flow-experience and endogenous cortisol levels, suggesting an inverted, u-shaped relation between flow-experience and cortisol. However, these studies could not exclude effects of other stress factors.ObjectivesThe aim of this experiment was, therefore, to test the isolated effect of cortisol on flow-experience, independent of concomitant physiological and psychological stress responses, via controlled administration of exogenous cortisol.MethodsSixty-four young healthy subjects (32 males, 32 females) participated in the experiment. According to a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, they received 20 mg oral cortisol on 1 day and placebo on the other day, respectively, with a time distance of 1 week between the experimental days. One hour after cortisol administration, participants engaged in the computer game Pacman. Pacman was delivered in five blocks of randomly differing difficulty levels. One block lasted 5 min. At the end of each block, participants rated flow-experience by the Flow Short Scale. Data was analyzed with hierarchical linear modeling. Subjects were not able to predict whether the pill they received contained cortisol or placebo.ResultsOverall, results revealed a negative effect of oral 20 mg cortisol on flow-experience, with no differences between males and females.ConclusionsThis study is the first to show that exogenous cortisol in a dose corresponding to a severe stressor impairs flow-experience. The observed negative effect of high cortisol dosage on experienced flow underlines recent findings of an inverted u-shaped relationship between cortisol and flow.

AB - RationaleStress affects flow-experience, but the mediating psychobiological mechanisms remain unknown. Previous studies showed an association between flow-experience and endogenous cortisol levels, suggesting an inverted, u-shaped relation between flow-experience and cortisol. However, these studies could not exclude effects of other stress factors.ObjectivesThe aim of this experiment was, therefore, to test the isolated effect of cortisol on flow-experience, independent of concomitant physiological and psychological stress responses, via controlled administration of exogenous cortisol.MethodsSixty-four young healthy subjects (32 males, 32 females) participated in the experiment. According to a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, they received 20 mg oral cortisol on 1 day and placebo on the other day, respectively, with a time distance of 1 week between the experimental days. One hour after cortisol administration, participants engaged in the computer game Pacman. Pacman was delivered in five blocks of randomly differing difficulty levels. One block lasted 5 min. At the end of each block, participants rated flow-experience by the Flow Short Scale. Data was analyzed with hierarchical linear modeling. Subjects were not able to predict whether the pill they received contained cortisol or placebo.ResultsOverall, results revealed a negative effect of oral 20 mg cortisol on flow-experience, with no differences between males and females.ConclusionsThis study is the first to show that exogenous cortisol in a dose corresponding to a severe stressor impairs flow-experience. The observed negative effect of high cortisol dosage on experienced flow underlines recent findings of an inverted u-shaped relationship between cortisol and flow.

KW - Psychology

KW - Flow-experience . Optimal functioning . Cognitive absorption . Cortisol . Stress

KW - Flow-experience . Optimal functioning . Cognitive absorption . Cortisol . Stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84923899719&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00213-014-3753-5

DO - 10.1007/s00213-014-3753-5

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 25304863

VL - 232

SP - 1165

EP - 1173

JO - Psychopharmacology

JF - Psychopharmacology

SN - 0033-3158

IS - 6

ER -

DOI